Friday, November 16, 2007

Islamic Finance in India

Islamic Finance

Islamic banking refers to a system of banking or banking activity that is consistent with Islamic law (Sharia) principles and guided by Islamic economics. In particular, Islamic law prohibits usury, the collection and payment of interest, also commonly called riba in Islamic discourse.

The Difference with Traditional Finance

  1. The first is the no-interest rule. That is, you can not earn interest on a loan nor be required to pay interest on loans.
  2. The second difference is that money is to be invested only in worthy causes. This is largely equivalent to the western concept of socially responsible investing.
Key Features
  • The Islamic financial model works on the basis of risk sharing.
  • The customer and the bank share the risk of any investment on agreed terms, and divide any profits between them.
  • The main categories within Islamic finance are: Ijara, Ijara-wa-iqtina, Mudaraba, Murabaha and Musharaka.
  • Ijara is a leasing agreement whereby the bank buys an item for a customer and then leases it back over a specific period.
  • Ijara-wa-Iqtina is a similar arrangement, except that the customer is able to buy the item at the end of the contract.
  • Mudaraba offers specialist investment by a financial expert in which the bank and the customer shares any profits.
  • Customers risks losing their money if the investment is unsuccessful, although the bank will not charge a handling fee unless it turns a profit.
  • Murabaha is a form of credit which enables customers to make a purchase without having to take out an interest bearing loan. The bank buys an item and then sells it on to the customer on a deferred basis.
  • Musharaka is a investment partnership in which profit sharing terms are agreed in advance, and losses are pegged to the amount invested.

Global Market

  • Spread across 70 countries, Islamic Finance has grown to almost a trillion dollar industry.
  • The Prospect for the industry are quite bright given strong demand for financial services from a large segment of about 1.4 billion Muslim populations .
  • Islamic Finance is growing at a rapid pace of 15-20% per annum globally, currently estimated to be worth approximately USD $ 300 Billion today.
  • Retail and Investment banking Shari’ah compliant products are helping to unlock trillions of dollars of funds lying dead with high networked individuals and corporate world globally, who follow Shari’ah principles in their day to day business and investment and thus would not participate in usual financial transactions.
Indian Market

Macro Economic Trends Favouring Indian Expansion
  • Even though Islamic investors turned to Islamic countries like Malaysia, Pakistan and Indonesia, their economies provide limited opportunities and too inadequate to absorb the huge investment potential of the Arab Islamic countries. So, the Islamic investors are now coming forward to invest in India, as it is the best option with a large number of companies qualifying Shariah investment norms
  • Changing political situation in America and European countries after the terror attack on World Trade Center and falling GDPs of Europe and North America have forced rich Islamic investors from the Gulf countries to look for investment opportunities in South East Asian countries, including India.
Market Potential
  • There are several districts where Muslims constitute a majority and in a number of industries Muslims have traditionally maintained a larger presence.
  • Since the last two decades, India has continuously managed an average saving rate of above 20 percent of the GDP.
  • Considering their relative economic backwardness even a 15 percent saving rate for Muslims would place over Rs. 40 billion of investible resources with them annually. Besides, there are properties worth billions under the control of Awqaf (Trusts). Zakat (2.5% tax imposed on the wealth of rich people for distribution among the poor and destitute) potential of the Indian Muslims still remains largely untapped and underutilized.
  • Indians working in Middle East and Middle Eastern companies flush with petrodollars can also be a good source of financial resources for Indian financial institutions offering Islamically permissible financial services.

Key Developments in India

Islamic Finance is in the early infancy stage in India and is expected to be a big business in the coming years


Anonymous said...

thanks a lot dude!! good research done and presented beautifully....i saw such awsome work with 0 comments....too bad...

IbnYacoob said...

That's a good research done!! but who is the man here not clear...why behind veils... anybody knows you... i'm from S.India...we have new Islamic Banking planned 2010 @ Kerala